You probably refer to the game of lawn tennis as simply вЂњtennis.вЂќ The origin of the name stems from the game being played on the lawn. Some clubs, most notably Wimbledon, still use grass courts. Most modern tennis in the United States, however, is played on hard courts, such as asphalt or concrete, followed by clay. Regardless of the surface on which you play lawn tennis, the rules of the game are the same. The United States Tennis Association, the governing body of tennis in the United States, follows the rules of the International Tennis Federation. Both the USTA and the ITF formerly used the word вЂњlawnвЂќ as part of their monikers but have since dropped the word.
Scoring a Game
You win a game in tennis by winning four points, unless you tie at three points. Before you begin a game, the score is вЂњlove-love.вЂќ The first point is called вЂњ15,вЂќ the second point вЂњ30,вЂќ the third point вЂњ40вЂќ and the fourth point вЂњgame.вЂќ For example, if you were serving and won the first point, the score would be 15-love. If you lost the first point, the score would be love-15. This continues until one person wins. However, if the score ties at the third point, the score would be called вЂњdeuce.вЂќ Players need to win a game by two points. If you were serving at deuce and won the point, the score would become вЂњad-inвЂќ (advantage server). If you lost the point, the score would become вЂњad-outвЂќ (advantage receiver). If you won the next point at ad-in, you would win the game. If you lose the next point at ad-in, the score goes back to deuce.
Scoring a Set and Winning the Match
You win a set by winning six games by a margin of two. For example, if the set score were 5-5, you would need to play two more games. If you win the next two games, you win the set at 7-5. If the score goes to 6-6, you play a tiebreak. A tiebreak is scored вЂњzero,вЂќ вЂњone,вЂќ вЂњtwoвЂќ and so forth. You win the tiebreak by getting to seven with a margin of two. The tiebreak counts as a game. If you win, you win that game and the set. A match is either the best of three or the best of five sets. So a player needs to win either two or three sets to win the match.
Server and Receiver
Players or teams stand on opposite ends of the court. After a coin toss or racket spin to determine who serves first, the game begins. The server has two chances to serve the ball into the service box on the deuce side. The receiver must return the ball after one bounce. After that, balls can be hit in the air or after one bounce. A ball is good if it lands anywhere inside the court, including the lines. Singles lines apply to a singles game, and doubles lines apply to a doubles game. After the point is played out, the server serves to the ad side. This continues until the game ends.
Players change ends after the completion of every odd-numbered game. Players also change ends at the completion of a set when the set score was odd. For example, you would change ends if the set score were 6-3; you would not if the set score were 6-4. In both cases, you would change ends after the first game of the next set.
A let means a do-over. During a serve, a let occurs if the serve touches the net before landing on the other side in the correct service box. During a point, a let occurs when there is interference, such as a ball rolling onto your court. Play is continuous throughout the match with specific break periods: players can take a 20-second break between points, a 90-second break during an end change and a 120-second break between sets. A 10-minute break is allowed after the second set if the match goes to three sets in a best-of-three match and after the third set in a best-of-five match.